Dental erosion is defined as the irreversible loss of tooth structure due to exposure to acid. Learn what the causes of dental erosion are, who is at risk and how to control it to protect your teeth.
The source of this acid exposure can be from within the body (intrinsic source) or from outside of the body (extrinsic source).
Example of the intrinsic source are those people who experience gastric reflux or recurrent vomiting. Example of the extrinsic source can be found in some of the most popular regular foods and drinks such as carbonated drinks, sports drinks, wine, fruit juice, citrus fruit, medications, e.g. Vitamin C, aspirin and some iron preparation.
It is advisable to wait at least 30 minutes after eating before brushing your teeth.
Saliva plays an important role in buffering acids inside the mouth and reduces their effect on the tooth structure. It is the mouth natural cleaning system. Saliva dilutes and washes away food particles and acids as well, so in case of dry mouth erosion can result quicker.
Who is at risk of dental erosion?
-People with high intake of acidic drinks or food
-People that have dry mouth or little saliva
-People who drink little water
-People that drink large amounts of caffeine
-People that are dehydrated due to their active life style.
How to control dental erosion.
Mostly it is related to your life style, decreasing the factors that put you at risk and favouring those that strengthen the teeth against acid attack.
-Drink plenty of water every day
-Prefer milk or non-acid drink against carbonated soft drinks, fruit drinks,
-Drink with a straw and avoid sipping and swishing
-Avoid acidic foods and drinks
-If you have acidic foods or drinks do not brush your teeth during the next 30 minutes
-Use a soft tooth brush and fluoridated toothpaste
-Visit your dentist regularly
-Brush your teeth twice a day with a fluoride tooth paste